AINV20006 - Safety and Accident Phenomenology
Term 1 - 2017


All details in this unit profile for AINV20006 have been officially approved by CQUniversity and represent a learning partnership between the University and you (our student). The information will not be changed unless absolutely necessary and any change will be clearly indicated by an approved correction included in the profile.

Overview

Safety and Accident Phenomenology enables students to understand the phenomena of accidents from an epidemiological perspective and apply their learning to actively improve safety. Students will use an analytical approach to risk and understanding of both failures and failure prevention methods. During the unit, students will apply a range of theoretical accident causation models to systems failures, while understanding their effective characteristics, including the strengths and weaknesses of these models. On completion, students will be able to articulate the evolution of principles, methods and models relating to the phenomenology and epidemiology of accidents, accident prevention systems and forensic analysis of accident data. Practical and theoretical application of the skills and concepts are developed during a compulsory Residential School.

Details

Career Level Postgraduate
Credit Points 12
Student Contribution Band 2
Fraction of Full-Time Student Load 0.25

Residential Schools

This unit has a Compulsory Residential School for distance mode students and the details are:
Click here to see your Residential School Timetable.

Attendance Requirements

All on-campus students are expected to attend scheduled classes – in some units, these classes are identified as a mandatory (pass/fail) component and attendance is compulsory. International students, on a student visa, must maintain a full time study load and meet both attendance and academic progress requirements in each study period (satisfactory attendance for International students is defined as maintaining at least an 80% attendance record).

Offerings

Term 1 - 2017
  • Mixed Mode

Website

This unit has a website, within the Moodle system, which is available two weeks before the start of term. It is important that you visit your Moodle site throughout the term. Go to Moodle

Recommended Student Time Commitment

Each 12-credit Postgraduate unit at CQUniversity requires an overall time commitment of an average of 25 hours of study per week, making a total of 300 hours for the unit.

Class Timetable

Assessment Overview

Assessment Task Weighting
1. Group Discussion 20%
2. Practical Assessment 30%
3. Written Assessment 20%
4. Written Assessment 30%

This is a graded unit: your overall grade will be calculated from the marks or grades for each assessment task, based on the relative weightings shown in the table above. You must obtain an overall mark for the unit of at least 50%, or an overall grade of ‘pass’ in order to pass the unit. If any ‘pass/fail’ tasks are shown in the table above they must also be completed successfully (‘pass’ grade). You must also meet any minimum mark requirements specified for a particular assessment task, as detailed in the ‘assessment task’ section (note that in some instances, the minimum mark for a task may be greater than 50%). Consult the University’s Grades and Results Procedures for more details of interim results and final grades.

All University policies are available on the IMPortal.

You may wish to view these policies:

  • Grades and Results Procedure
  • Assessment Policy and Procedure (Higher Education Coursework)
  • Review of Grade Procedure
  • Academic Misconduct Procedure
  • Monitoring Academic Progress (MAP) Policy and Procedure – Domestic Students
  • Monitoring Academic Progress (MAP) Policy and Procedure – International Students
  • Refund and Excess Payments (Credit Balances) Policy and Procedure
  • Student Feedback – Compliments and Complaints Policy and Procedure
  • Acceptable Use of Information and Communications Technology Facilities and Devices Policy and Procedure

This list is not an exhaustive list of all University policies. The full list of University policies are available on the IMPortal.

Feedback, Recommendations and Responses

Every unit is reviewed for enhancement each year. At the most recent review, the following staff and student feedback items were identified and recommendations were made.

Feedback Source Recommendation
Scheduling of on-line lectures in the evenings did not meet all students' time availability. Have your say Alternate methods of content delivery will be introduced for T1 2017 offering which provides more flexibility for students with conflict work and study demands and differing learning styles.
On successful completion of this unit, you will be able to:
  1. Examine the existence of multiple interpretations of reality and their impact on the recognition of accident pathogens and causation factors.
  2. Appraise contemporary concepts and methods defining logic, reasoning and evidence based practice.
  3. Analyse the nature of risk, systems, systems failure and failure prevention methods.
  4. Explain the evolution of accident epidemiology and the precepts of accident causation.
  5. Apply accident causation models to explain the accident phenomenon.

Alignment of Assessment Tasks to Learning Outcomes

Assessment Tasks Learning Outcomes
1 2 3 4 5
1 - Group Discussion    
2 - Practical Assessment      
3 - Written Assessment        
4 - Written Assessment      

Alignment of Graduate Attributes to Learning Outcomes

  • Professional Level
  • Advanced Level
Graduate Attributes Learning Outcomes
1 2 3 4 5
1. Knowledge
2. Communication
3. Cognitive, technical and creative skills
4. Research
5. Self-management
6. Ethical and Professional Responsibility
7. Leadership          

Alignment of Assessment Tasks to Graduate Attributes

  • Professional Level
  • Advanced Level
Assessment Tasks Graduate Attributes
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
1 - Group Discussion  
2 - Practical Assessment  
3 - Written Assessment  
4 - Written Assessment  

Textbook Information

There are no required textbooks.

IT Resources

You will need access to the following IT resources:
  • Internet
  • CQUniversity Student Email
  • Unit Website (Moodle)
All submissions for this unit must use the Harvard (author-date) referencing style (details can be obtained here). For further information, see the Assessment Tasks below.
Unit CoordinatorGeoffrey Dell (g.dell@cqu.edu.au)
Note: Check the Term-Specific section for any additional contact information provided by the teaching team
Week Begin Date Module/Topic Chapter Events and Submissions
Week 1 06-03-2017

On-line tutorial Session 1:

  • Introduction & Unit overview
  • Topic 1 Safety and the Accident Phenomenon
Week 2 13-03-2017

On-line tutorial Session 2:

  • Topic 1 (Cont): The Accident Phenomenon

Week 3 20-03-2017

On-line tutorial Session 3:

  • Topic 2: The Context of Risk & Risk Analysis Tools
Week 4 27-03-2017

On-line tutorial Session 4

  • Preparing for the Residential School
Week 5 03-04-2017

Residential School - Bundaberg 3/4 to 7/4 inclusive. Topics Covered:

  • Orientation to Transport & Safety Science Post Graduate Study
  • Topic 3: The context of People, including tutorials
  • Topic 4: Logic, reasoning and evidence, including tutorials, pracs & field exercises
  • Topic 5: Applied risk analysis, including field exercises
  • Topic 6: The Evolution of Accident Investigation and Prevention, including tutorials
  • Topic 7: The Science of Accidents and Theoretical Accident Causation Models, including tutorials

Students are also required to prepare and deliver a presentation to staff and the student peer group at the residential school.



Moodle Discussions & Mind Maps Due Friday (07 Apr 17) 11:45 PM AEST
Vacation Week 10-04-2017
Week 6 17-04-2017

On-line tutorial Session 5:

  • Topic 7 (Cont): Theoretical Accident Causation Models Case Study: Heinrich's Domino Theory and Titanic
Practical Assessment (carried out at the Res School) Due Friday (21 Apr 17) 11:45 PM AEST
Week 7 24-04-2017

On-line tutorial Session 6:

  • Topic 7 (Cont): Theoretical Accident Causation Models Case Study: Haddon Matrix and Texas City Explosion
Week 8 01-05-2017
Week 9 08-05-2017

On-line Tutorial Session 7:

  • Topic 7 (Cont): Theoretical Accident Causation Models Case Study: Loss of the Challenger Space Shuttle and Viner's Energy Damage Model, Viner's Time Sequence Model & Reason's System of Safety Management Model
Week 10 15-05-2017
Accident Prevention Paper Due Monday (15 May 17) 09:00 AM AEST
Week 11 22-05-2017

On-line Tutorial Session 8:

  • Review and discuss student progress and any issues with assessment tasks
Week 12 29-05-2017

On-line tutorial Session 9:

  • Review and discuss student progress and any issues with assessment tasks
Review/Exam Week 05-06-2017
Theoretical Accident Causation Models: Evaluation Reports Due Monday (05 Jun 17) 09:00 AM AEST
Exam Week 12-06-2017

1 Group Discussion

Assessment Title Moodle Discussions & Mind Maps
Task Description

Four key subjects related to the history of accidents and investigation will be introduced in the AINV20006 Moodle discussion forum in Week 1.

The discussion subjects will be:

  • Discussion subject 1: Are people the cause of accidents, or are they a part of the hazard control system that can fail?
  • Discussion subject 2: Systems failures can cause accidents: How can systems be made more fail safe?
  • Discussion subject 3: What is 'Safety Culture' and how can you measure it?
  • Discussion subject 4: What is the impact of 'Just Culture' and blame on the effectiveness of investigations?

All students are expected to participate on-line in every one of these group discussions.You must post your own considered opinion on each topic and also respond to and comment upon at least two of your fellow students posts in each topic.

Each student must then prepare and submit a "mind map" which summarises the concepts and issues related to each of two of the four subjects arising from the on-line discussions and your own research and experience. That is you have to create and submit two mindmaps; one for each of the two subjects chosen from the four online discussions.

Each Mind Map will be worth 6% of the total marks for the unit (total of 12% for Mind Maps). The balance of 8% of the marks for this assessment will be allocated for student's contribution to the on-line discussions.

Assessment Due Date Week 5 Friday (07-Apr-2017) 11:45 PM AEST
Return Date to Students Week 7 Friday (28-Apr-2017)
Weighting 20%
Assessment Criteria

As a general rule assessment criteria for all assessment items include:


1. (90%) Content—includes the accuracy, relevance and application of key concepts, analysis, argument, language and grammar used in answering a question or report (see marking criteria for individual requirements).
2. (10%) References—includes the provision of a reference list and the application of the Harvard style for referencing information, data, tables or images sourced for the assignment or report.

The specific rubric for grading the Moodle Discussions and Mindmaps can be found in the Moodle Unit.

Referencing Style Harvard (author-date)
Submission Online

Learning Outcomes Assessed
This section can be expanded to view the assessed learning outcomes

1. Examine the existence of multiple interpretations of reality and their impact on the recognition of accident pathogens and causation factors.

2. Appraise contemporary concepts and methods defining logic, reasoning and evidence based practice.

3. Analyse the nature of risk, systems, systems failure and failure prevention methods.

Graduate Attributes
This section can be expanded to view the assessed graduate attributes

1. Knowledge

2. Communication

3. Cognitive, technical and creative skills

4. Research

5. Self-management

6. Ethical and Professional Responsibility



2 Practical Assessment

Assessment Title Practical Assessment (carried out at the Res School)
Task Description

Students will carry out a range of practical and applied activities at the residential school. The activities will address student understanding and application of concepts and models including:

  • Orientation to Transport & Safety Science Post Graduate Study
  • The context of People, including tutorials
  • Logic, reasoning and evidence, including tutorials, pracs & field exercises
  • Applied risk analysis, including field exercises
  • The Evolution of Accident Investigation and Prevention, including tutorials
  • The Science of Accidents and Theoretical Accident Causation Models, including tutorials

Students are also required to prepare and deliver a presentation to staff and the student peer group at the residential school.

Most practical activities, including the formal presentation by each student, will be completed and assessed at the residential school. Student artefacts from some res school activities will need to be consolidated and submitted after the res school by the submission deadline specified in Moodle.

Further details of the assessments will be provided on day 1 of the residential school

Assessment Due Date Week 6 Friday (21-Apr-2017) 11:45 PM AEST
All practical activities will be completed and assessed at the residential school.
Return Date to Students Week 8 Friday (05-May-2017)
Weighting 30%
Assessment Criteria

As a general rule assessment criteria for all assessment items include


1. (90%) Content—includes the accuracy, relevance and application of key concepts, analysis, argument, language and grammar used in answering a question or report.
2. (10%) References—includes the provision of a reference list and the application of the Harvard style for referencing information, data, tables or images sourced for the assignment or report.

Referencing Style Harvard (author-date)
Submission Online
Hard copy

All practical activities will be completed, submitted (where required) and assessed at the residential school.

Learning Outcomes Assessed
This section can be expanded to view the assessed learning outcomes

4. Explain the evolution of accident epidemiology and the precepts of accident causation.

5. Apply accident causation models to explain the accident phenomenon.

Graduate Attributes
This section can be expanded to view the assessed graduate attributes

1. Knowledge

2. Communication

3. Cognitive, technical and creative skills

4. Research

5. Self-management

6. Ethical and Professional Responsibility



3 Written Assessment

Assessment Title Accident Prevention Paper
Task Description

Students will write a paper to describe why they think accidents are still occurring after more than 100 years of "modern" approaches to accident prevention.

Your paper needs to draw from the learnings from all the topics covered in this unit, the readings and a comprehensive review of the relevant literature.

Your paper should be a maximum of 2000 words and your arguments should be supported by appropriate citations from the literature and applicable case studies. Your work should be correctly referenced using Harvard author/date. A list of all references used should be included at the end of your paper.

This assessment is worth 20% of the overall grade for the unit.

Assessment Due Date Week 10 Monday (15-May-2017) 09:00 AM AEST
Return Date to Students Exam Week Friday (16-Jun-2017)
Weighting 20%
Assessment Criteria

As a general rule assessment criteria for all assessment items include


1. (90%) Content—includes the accuracy, relevance and application of key concepts, analysis, argument, language and grammar used in answering a question or report.
2. (10%) References—includes the provision of a reference list and the application of the Harvard style for referencing information, data, tables or images sourced for the assignment or report.

The specific rubric for grading this assessment task can be found in the Moodle Unit.

Referencing Style Harvard (author-date)
Submission Online

Learning Outcomes Assessed
This section can be expanded to view the assessed learning outcomes

3. Analyse the nature of risk, systems, systems failure and failure prevention methods.

Graduate Attributes
This section can be expanded to view the assessed graduate attributes

1. Knowledge

2. Communication

3. Cognitive, technical and creative skills

4. Research

5. Self-management

6. Ethical and Professional Responsibility



4 Written Assessment

Assessment Title Theoretical Accident Causation Models: Evaluation Reports
Task Description

PART A: Position Paper

In this assessment task students will investigate the literature relating to two of the theoretical accident models and prepare a position paper.

You will select two accident models from the following list:

  • Heinrich’s Domino Theory
  • Haddon Matrix
  • Reason System of Safety Management Model
  • Viner's Time Sequence Model
  • Viner's Extended Energy Damage Model

Explore the literature and:

  • Compare and contrast the features of the chosen models
  • Discuss the theoretical underpinnings of the chosen models and their expected validity today given the issues you identified in the on-line Moodle Discussions and others, such as:

a. Complexity of the models and their fit with the natural complexity of society, technology, work and human endeavour

b. Their effectiveness in addressing failures in:

i. Technology

ii. Systems

iii. Human factors

iv. Social and organisational networks, including management, supervision

v. Education & Training

vi. Culture

c. The models’ guidance on:

i. Establishing and validating corrective and remedial actions

ii. Learning from failure

iii. Risk minimisation

Your position paper should be limited to 2000 words maximum and be supported by relevant citations (minimum of 15) from the literature.

Part A of this assessment task attracts 15% of the overall marks for the unit

PART B: Theoretical Models Report

In this assessment task you will:

1. Populate the two models chosen in Part A with the critical factors from a case study selected from the following list, to explain, in the language of the model, the failures which occurred in the accident

The case studies to select from are:

  • Union Carbide Fatal Methyl Isocyanate Gas Leak, Bhopal India, December 2, 1984.
  • Pan American B747 and KLM B747 Collision at Tenerife, Canary Islands on March 27, 1977.
  • Waterfall rail accident, Waterfall Sydney Australia, January 31, 2003.
  • Level crossing collision between a school bus and train 7GP1 near Moorine Rock, Western Australia, 23 March 2009.

2. Evaluate and compare how well the two theoretical models enabled explanation of the accident phenomena in the case study.

3. Then prepare a written report to explain:

  • The key characteristics of the chosen theoretical models which enabled illumination of the tapestry of failures that led to the case study accident.
  • The perceived strengths and weaknesses of the chosen models in describing the accident phenomenon.

Your report should not exceed 1500 words. It should be supported by relevant citations (minimum of 10) from the literature.

Part B of this assessment task attracts 10% of the overall marks for the unit

PART C: Reflection

In this assessment task you will:

  • Reflect on an accident that you have personal knowledge of and consider the issues of causation that you understood at the time
  • Describe the accident “model”, perspective or “lens” that you were unconsciously applying to the situation
  • Compare and contrast the model you applied against those you have studied in this unit.
  • Discuss the changes you would apply if you were to analyse that same accident now.

You may find it useful to read Chapter 10 of Dekker (2006) to inform your reflections

You may choose the format for your response to this assessment task that suits you (eg short essay, brief report, mind map etc).

This assessment task (Part C) represents 5% of the overall assessment for this unit

Reference:

Dekker S. (2006), The Field Guide to Understanding Human Error, Chapter 10 What is your Accident Model, Ashgate Publishing Limited, Farnham

Assessment Due Date Review/Exam Week Monday (05-Jun-2017) 09:00 AM AEST
Return Date to Students Exam Week Friday (16-Jun-2017)
Weighting 30%
Assessment Criteria

As a general rule assessment criteria for all assessment items include


1. (90%) Content—includes the accuracy, relevance and application of key concepts, analysis, argument, language and grammar used in answering a question or report (see marking criteria for individual requirements).
2. (10%) References—includes the provision of a reference list and the application of the Harvard style for referencing information, data, tables or images sourced for the assignment or report.

The specific rubric for grading this assessment task can be found in the Moodle Unit.

Referencing Style Harvard (author-date)
Submission Online

Learning Outcomes Assessed
This section can be expanded to view the assessed learning outcomes

4. Explain the evolution of accident epidemiology and the precepts of accident causation.

5. Apply accident causation models to explain the accident phenomenon.

Graduate Attributes
This section can be expanded to view the assessed graduate attributes

1. Knowledge

2. Communication

3. Cognitive, technical and creative skills

4. Research

5. Self-management

6. Ethical and Professional Responsibility




© 2017 CQUniversity
Page generated by apps-prod-01.cqu.edu.au at Fri May 26 11:51:43 AEST 2017