PBHL12001 - Communicable Diseases and Public Health
Term 1 - 2017


All details in this unit profile for PBHL12001 have been officially approved by CQUniversity and represent a learning partnership between the University and you (our student). The information will not be changed unless absolutely necessary and any change will be clearly indicated by an approved correction included in the profile.

Overview

The prevention of disease is recognised internationally as being of fundamental importance to quality of life and is a core skillset for any public health professional. This unit covers the important public health topic of communicable diseases and their control. Students will learn the value of participation by engaging in team activities and tutorial activities. They will learn about prevention by exploring the aetiologies, risk factors, epidemiological trends and underlying issues relating to a wide range of communicable diseases. Students will critique the public health literature and public health campaigns to discover the importance of partnerships in the effective control of communicable diseases. Topics will include the aetiology, transmission, epidemiological trends and control strategies relating to a range of communicable diseases, including enteric, vaccine preventable and sexually transmitted infections. The impact of communicable disease upon individual and population health will be explored, with particular emphasis on the indigenous community and global context. Students will develop skills in disease surveillance and/or the prevention or management of disease outbreaks. Residential school will be compulsory for Environmental Health students but optional for Health Promotion and other students.

Details

Career Level Undergraduate
Unit Level Level 2
Credit Points 6
Student Contribution Band 2
Fraction of Full-Time Student Load 0.125

Pre-requisites or Co-requisites

48 credit points

Residential Schools

This unit has a Compulsory Residential School for distance mode students and the details are:
Click here to see your Residential School Timetable.

Attendance Requirements

All on-campus students are expected to attend scheduled classes – in some units, these classes are identified as a mandatory (pass/fail) component and attendance is compulsory. International students, on a student visa, must maintain a full time study load and meet both attendance and academic progress requirements in each study period (satisfactory attendance for International students is defined as maintaining at least an 80% attendance record).

Offerings

Term 1 - 2017
  • Mixed Mode

Website

This unit has a website, within the Moodle system, which is available two weeks before the start of term. It is important that you visit your Moodle site throughout the term. Go to Moodle

Recommended Student Time Commitment

Each 6-credit Undergraduate unit at CQUniversity requires an overall time commitment of an average of 12.5 hours of study per week, making a total of 150 hours for the unit.

Class Timetable

Assessment Overview

Assessment Task Weighting
1. Online Test 15%
2. Online Test 15%
3. Online Test 15%
4. Written Assessment 55%

This is a graded unit: your overall grade will be calculated from the marks or grades for each assessment task, based on the relative weightings shown in the table above. You must obtain an overall mark for the unit of at least 50%, or an overall grade of ‘pass’ in order to pass the unit. If any ‘pass/fail’ tasks are shown in the table above they must also be completed successfully (‘pass’ grade). You must also meet any minimum mark requirements specified for a particular assessment task, as detailed in the ‘assessment task’ section (note that in some instances, the minimum mark for a task may be greater than 50%). Consult the University’s Grades and Results Procedures for more details of interim results and final grades.

All University policies are available on the IMPortal.

You may wish to view these policies:

  • Grades and Results Procedure
  • Assessment Policy and Procedure (Higher Education Coursework)
  • Review of Grade Procedure
  • Academic Misconduct Procedure
  • Monitoring Academic Progress (MAP) Policy and Procedure – Domestic Students
  • Monitoring Academic Progress (MAP) Policy and Procedure – International Students
  • Refund and Excess Payments (Credit Balances) Policy and Procedure
  • Student Feedback – Compliments and Complaints Policy and Procedure
  • Acceptable Use of Information and Communications Technology Facilities and Devices Policy and Procedure

This list is not an exhaustive list of all University policies. The full list of University policies are available on the IMPortal.

Feedback, Recommendations and Responses

Every unit is reviewed for enhancement each year. At the most recent review, the following staff and student feedback items were identified and recommendations were made.

Feedback Source Recommendation
Residential school location in Rockhampton was inconvenient for some students. Course evaluation Consider locating residential school in Brisbane to facilitate travel.
Group work "wasn't group work" Course evaluation Group work is being introduced incrementally throughout the Program. As a second year course, students are not expected to work as independent groups, but problem solve in teams. This could be made more explicit.
A small number of students were split over the value of Epi Info in the res school and one student considered epidemiology to be irrelevant to a course on communicable diseases. Course evaluation Epidemiology is fundamental to communicable disease control and the basic measures introduced in this course foreshadow the material presented in the more advanced third year course. Consider introducing an assessment task using Epi Info to illustrate this more clearly.
On successful completion of this unit, you will be able to:
  1. Describe risk factors and aetiology for a range of communicable diseases important to public health.
  2. Explain the impact of communicable diseases in the context of individual and population health.
  3. Identify and analyse primary, secondary and tertiary approaches for the prevention and control of communicable diseases.
  4. Evaluate the social and cultural impact of notifiable diseases.
  5. Explain the methods of measurement, monitoring, prioritisation and surveillance of communicable disease and how they are used to safeguard public health.

The learning outcomes of this unit relate to the enHealth Skills and Knowledge Matrix:

Part 1- all generic attributes

Part 2- underpinning skills and knowledge in the areas of

  • Science
    • basic human anatomy and physiology related to identifying disease causation and exposure pathways
    • microorganisms of significance for human health
    • transmission mechanisms and likely carriers
    • infective dose levels
  • Public & Environmental Health Concepts
    • The points of impact to influence environmental health determinants and related methods of impact
  • Research methods
    • Effective design and implementation of studies, policies and programs to protect public and environmental health and minimise risks

Part 3- Applied Skills and Knowledge

  • Prevention and control of notifiable and communicable conditions.

Alignment of Assessment Tasks to Learning Outcomes

Assessment Tasks Learning Outcomes
1 2 3 4 5
1 - Online Test    
2 - Online Test  
3 - Online Test
4 - Written Assessment    

Alignment of Graduate Attributes to Learning Outcomes

  • Introductory Level
  • Intermediate Level
  • Graduate Level
Graduate Attributes Learning Outcomes
1 2 3 4 5
1. Communication    
2. Problem Solving      
3. Critical Thinking
4. Information Literacy        
5. Team Work          
6. Information Technology Competence        
7. Cross Cultural Competence    
8. Ethical practice      

Alignment of Assessment Tasks to Graduate Attributes

  • Introductory Level
  • Intermediate Level
  • Graduate Level
Assessment Tasks Graduate Attributes
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1 - Online Test        
2 - Online Test        
3 - Online Test        
4 - Written Assessment

Prescribed Textbooks

Controlling Communicable Disease
Author/s: Noah, Norman Year: 2006
Edition: Publisher: Open University Press, McGraw Hill Education
City: Maidenhead State: Berkshire
Country: United Kingdom
Control of Communicable Diseases
Author/s: Heymann, DL Year: 2015
Edition: 20th edn Publisher: American Public Health Association
City: Waldorf State: MD
Country: Australia
View textbooks at the CQUniversity Bookshop
Note:

Both texts are also available in electronic format.

  • Controlling Communicable Diseases is available from Google Books and can be read on PC, Mac, Android Devices and iOS (iPad & iPhone) devices using the appropriate application. The electronic edition is significantly cheaper than the paperback.
  • Control of Communicable Disease is available online from Unbound Medicine. A 12 month subscription is significantly cheaper than buying the paperback version. If you choose not to renew your subscription after 12 months, you can still access the content on your current mobile device but it will not be updated. This title is available for PC & Mac (via web browser), Android Devices and iOS devices (iPad and iPhone).

IT Resources

You will need access to the following IT resources:
  • CQUniversity Student Email
  • Internet
  • Unit Website (Moodle)
All submissions for this unit must use the Harvard (author-date) referencing style (details can be obtained here). For further information, see the Assessment Tasks below.
Unit CoordinatorLisa Bricknell (l.bricknell@cqu.edu.au)
Note: Check the Term-Specific section for any additional contact information provided by the teaching team
Week Begin Date Module/Topic Chapter Events and Submissions
Week 1 06-03-2017

Principles of disease causation

Week 2 13-03-2017

Disease transmission and the immune response

Week 3 20-03-2017

Enteric diseases

Noah, N (2006) Chapter 16: Gastrointestinal infections and food poisoning

Week 4 27-03-2017

Parasitic diseases

Week 5 03-04-2017

Vaccine preventable diseases

Noah, N (2006) Section 3: Vaccines

Vacation Week 10-04-2017
Quiz 1- Fundamentals of communicable disease control, enteric and parasitic diseases Due Monday (10 Apr 17) 09:00 AM AEST
Week 6 17-04-2017

Vaccine preventable diseases- cont'd

Week 7 24-04-2017

Sexually transmitted infections

Week 8 01-05-2017

HIV

Quiz 2- Immunisation and vaccine preventable diseases Due Tuesday (02 May 17) 09:00 AM AEST
Week 9 08-05-2017

Disease surveillance & epidemiolology

Noah, N (2006) Section 1: Surveillance

Noah, N (2006) Section 2: Outbreaks (prior to residential school)

Residential School for Environmental Health majors (optional for HP students) 8-10 May 2015.

Week 10 15-05-2017

Public Health interventions- historical approaches

Noah, N (2006) Chapter 18 HIV & sexually transmitted infections

Week 11 22-05-2017

Public Health interventions- contemporary approaches and future directions

Quiz 3- Sexually transmitted infections and HIV Due Monday (22 May 17) 09:00 AM AEST
Week 12 29-05-2017

Diseases of emerging public health concern

Report Due Friday (02 Jun 17) 11:45 PM AEST
Review/Exam Week 05-06-2017
Exam Week 12-06-2017

1 Online Test

Assessment Title Quiz 1- Fundamentals of communicable disease control, enteric and parasitic diseases
Task Description
  • The quiz will open on the Monday of Week 5 and remain open until 9:00am on the following Monday (Vacation Week).
  • There is no time limit to complete the quiz and you can save your quiz and return to it later (while the quiz is available)
  • You will get your final result from the quiz showing which questions you got right or wrong. This will let you know what areas you need to study/revise.
  • You should choose the most correct answer.
Assessment Due Date Vacation Week Monday (10-Apr-2017) 09:00 AM AEST
Return Date to Students Results wil be available once the quiz has closed.
Weighting 15%
Assessment Criteria

This quiz will assess the student's knowledge of the principles of disease causation, disease transmission and the aetiology, prevention and control of enteric and parasitic diseases.

Referencing Style Harvard (author-date)
Submission Online

Learning Outcomes Assessed
This section can be expanded to view the assessed learning outcomes

1. Describe risk factors and aetiology for a range of communicable diseases important to public health.

2. Explain the impact of communicable diseases in the context of individual and population health.

3. Identify and analyse primary, secondary and tertiary approaches for the prevention and control of communicable diseases.

Graduate Attributes
This section can be expanded to view the assessed graduate attributes

1. Communication

3. Critical Thinking

4. Information Literacy

6. Information Technology Competence



2 Online Test

Assessment Title Quiz 2- Immunisation and vaccine preventable diseases
Task Description

  • The quiz will become available at 9:00am on the Monday of Week 7 and remain open until 9:00am on Tuesday of Week 8.
  • There is no time limit to complete the quiz and you can save your quiz and return to it later (while the quiz is available)
  • You will get your final result from the quiz showing which questions you got right or wrong. This will let you know what areas you need to study/revise.
  • You should choose the most correct answer.
Assessment Due Date Week 8 Tuesday (02-May-2017) 09:00 AM AEST
Return Date to Students Results wil be available once the quiz has closed.
Weighting 15%
Assessment Criteria

This quiz will assess the student's knowledge of the principles of vaccination, the immune response and the aetiology of vaccine preventable diseases.

Referencing Style Harvard (author-date)
Submission Online

Learning Outcomes Assessed
This section can be expanded to view the assessed learning outcomes

1. Describe risk factors and aetiology for a range of communicable diseases important to public health.

2. Explain the impact of communicable diseases in the context of individual and population health.

3. Identify and analyse primary, secondary and tertiary approaches for the prevention and control of communicable diseases.

5. Explain the methods of measurement, monitoring, prioritisation and surveillance of communicable disease and how they are used to safeguard public health.

Graduate Attributes
This section can be expanded to view the assessed graduate attributes

1. Communication

3. Critical Thinking

4. Information Literacy

6. Information Technology Competence



3 Online Test

Assessment Title Quiz 3- Sexually transmitted infections and HIV
Task Description
  • The quizzes will become available at 9:00am on the Monday of Week 9 and remain open until 9:00am on the Monday of Week 11 to allow you time to attend residential school.
  • There is no time limit to complete the quiz and you can save your quiz and return to it later (while the quiz is available)
  • You will get your final result from the quiz showing which questions you got right or wrong. This will let you know what areas you need to study/revise.
  • You should choose the most correct answer.
Assessment Due Date Week 11 Monday (22-May-2017) 09:00 AM AEST
Return Date to Students Results wil be available once the quiz has closed.
Weighting 15%
Assessment Criteria

This quiz will assess the student's knowledge of the aetiology, prevention and control of sexually transmitted infections and HIV.

Referencing Style Harvard (author-date)
Submission Online

Learning Outcomes Assessed
This section can be expanded to view the assessed learning outcomes

1. Describe risk factors and aetiology for a range of communicable diseases important to public health.

2. Explain the impact of communicable diseases in the context of individual and population health.

3. Identify and analyse primary, secondary and tertiary approaches for the prevention and control of communicable diseases.

4. Evaluate the social and cultural impact of notifiable diseases.

5. Explain the methods of measurement, monitoring, prioritisation and surveillance of communicable disease and how they are used to safeguard public health.

Graduate Attributes
This section can be expanded to view the assessed graduate attributes

1. Communication

3. Critical Thinking

4. Information Literacy

6. Information Technology Competence



4 Written Assessment

Assessment Title Report
Task Description

There are two options for this assessment task. Option 1 is for Environmental Health students and students from other disciplines who have attended residential school for this unit. Option 2 is for Health Promotion students and students from other disciplines who have not attended residential school.


Option 1: Environmental Health majors and other students who have attended residential school

While at residential school, you will be involved in the investigation of a simulated outbreak of a communicable disease. For this assignment, you will write a report including:

  1. a description of the disease, its aetiology and the mechanism of the outbreak
  2. factors leading to the outbreak
  3. the actions taken to control the spread of the disease
  4. a critical evaluation of these actions
  5. future public health interventions that could prevent the outbreak from reoccurring.

Although you will work as a team while investigating the outbreak, you will need to submit an individual report. Students will be evaluated on their critical evaluation of the outbreak, drawing on the core themes and topics presented throughout the unit. If you use any information provided by your team members, you should reference these appropriately in your report. Report writing will be addressed at residential school and an exemplar will be provided on Moodle.

Word count: 2500- 3000 words


Option 2: Health Promotion majors

For this assignment, you will need to write a report which argues for a Communicable Disease to be given priority as part of a State Health Strategy. Students will need to select a disease (HIV or Viral Hepatitis or a Sexually Transmitted Infection) and a priority population ‘of concern’ from the Kirby Institute’s 2016 Annual Surveillance Report based on trends in diagnosis, prevalence and morbidity. Examples of diseases and priority populations will be provided on Moodle and discussed in the Assessment 4 online Zoom session.

The report will include the following:

  1. a background to the disease, including
    • the nature of the problem (description of the disease and a brief aetiology);
    • the extent of the problem (trends in diagnosis, prevalence and morbidity); and
    • the risk factors and protective factors.
  2. a description of the population of concern, including
    • a definition of the population group at risk;
    • an explanation of the extent of the problem in the population group (eg. trends in diagnosis, prevalence and morbidity); and
    • an investigation of the factors contributing to trends in population group.
  3. a rationale for inclusion in State policy, including
    • the impact of the disease (eg. cost to individuals and community); and
    • the potential for prevention and early intervention in reducing this burden.
Assessment Due Date Week 12 Friday (02-Jun-2017) 11:45 PM AEST
Return Date to Students After confirmation of grades.
Weighting 55%
Assessment Criteria

Option 1: Environmental Health majors and other students who have attended residential school

Relevance (30%)

  • summarises relevant disease information from credible and reputable sources
  • report is relevant to the disease under investigation
  • interventions are appropriate
  • interventions are thoroughly explained
  • effectiveness of the intervention is evaluated
  • public health interventions to prevent future outbreaks are presented

Validity (50%)

  • depth and extent of discussion of the investigation
  • evaluation is thorough and logically presented
  • accuracy of the information used to support statements
  • recommendations for future public health interventions have been based on critical thought, analysis of the evidence and synthesis of new ideas
  • depth and range of research

Organisation (10%)

  • structure and flow of information
  • coherence and clarity of expression (spelling, grammar, syntax
  • all sources attributed

Presentation (10%)

  • style and formatting of report
  • typographical matters (types, font, headings etc)
  • referencing is consistent and in accordance with Harvard style
  • length

Option 2: Health Promotion majors and other students not attending residential school

Relevance (30%)

  • summarises relevant disease information from credible and reputable sources
  • population group is appropriate and justified
  • impact of disease is thoroughly explained
  • potential for prevention and early intervention in reducing burden has been thoroughly explored

Validity (50%)

  • depth and extent of discussion of the disease, priority population and rationale for inclusion
  • argument for rationale is thorough and logically presented
  • accuracy of the information used to support statements
  • depth and range of research

Organisation (10%)

  • structure and flow of information
  • coherence and clarity of expression (spelling, grammar, syntax
  • all sources attributed

Presentation (10%)

  • style and formatting of report
  • typographical matters (types, font, headings etc)
  • referencing is consistent and in accordance with Harvard style
  • length
Conditions Minimum mark or grade - You must achieve a minimum grade of 50% for this item to be eligible to pass this course.
Referencing Style Harvard (author-date)
Submission Online

Learning Outcomes Assessed
This section can be expanded to view the assessed learning outcomes

2. Explain the impact of communicable diseases in the context of individual and population health.

3. Identify and analyse primary, secondary and tertiary approaches for the prevention and control of communicable diseases.

4. Evaluate the social and cultural impact of notifiable diseases.

Graduate Attributes
This section can be expanded to view the assessed graduate attributes

1. Communication

2. Problem Solving

3. Critical Thinking

4. Information Literacy

5. Team Work

6. Information Technology Competence

7. Cross Cultural Competence

8. Ethical practice




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